WE, the Heads of State/Government of Brunei Darussalam, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the Republic of Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Member States of ASEAN, gathered at the 20th ASEAN Summit, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, on 3-4 April 2012;
RECOGNISING that the international drug problem remains one of the main security concerns to all ASEAN Member States. Apart from the suffering caused to individuals, particularly the young, illicit drug abuse and trafficking weaken the social fabric of nations, represent direct and indirect economic costs to governments and entail criminal activities which could threaten the stability of states;
ACKNOWLEDGING that the illicit drug trafficking, which is inextricably linked to other transnational crimes, including money laundering and arms smuggling, could escalate to such a level where perpetrators can pose serious political and security threats to the region;
RECALLING the Joint Declaration for a Drug-Free ASEAN signed by the ASEAN Foreign Ministers in Manila, on 25 July 1998; the agreement of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers at their 33rd AMM in Bangkok, in July 2000 to speed up the realization of Drug-Free ASEAN from 2020 to 2015; the Bangkok Political Declaration in Pursuit of a Drug-Free ASEAN 2015 in October 2000; the ASEAN Work Plan on Combating Illicit Drug Production, Trafficking, and Use 2009-2015; the Bali Declaration on ASEAN Community in a Global Community of Nations (Bali Concord III); and the ASEAN Political-Security Community Blueprint for which ASEAN will work towards a drug-free ASEAN by 2015;
ENCOURAGED by the increasing ASEAN efforts in addressing the menace of narcotic drugs which will directly complement regional efforts in halting and reversing the spread of communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS;
WELCOMING the efforts of the ASEAN Sectoral Bodies under the ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC) Council, ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Council, and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) Council in implementing ASEAN initiatives, especially the objectives in the Roadmap for an ASEAN Community (2009-2015) on Drug-Free ASEAN, especially in the priority areas of drug education, drug information, prevention within the community, treatment, rehabilitation and law enforcement;
NOTING the growing resolve of ASEAN that the realisation of a Drug-Free ASEAN 2015 can be achieved by successfully and effectively controlling illicit drug activities and mitigating their negative consequences to society, primarily on significant and sustainable reduction;
EMPHASISING the importance of strengthening institutional linkages and coordination between the various ASEAN mechanisms involved in the fight against illicit drug trafficking and other transnational crimes, particularly the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime (AMMTC), the ASEAN Finance Ministers’ Meeting (AFMM), the ASEAN Senior Officials’ Meeting on Drug Matters (ASOD), the ASEAN Senior Law Officials Meeting (ASLOM), the ASEAN Directors-General of Customs, the ASEAN Directors-General for Immigration Department and Heads of Consular Affairs Divisions of Ministries of Foreign Affairs Meeting (DGICM), and the ASEANAPOL;
WELCOMING also the efforts undertaken by the international community to succeed over the deleterious nature of illicit drugs in light of the United Nations Decade on Drug Abuse (1991-2000), as well as the continuous commitment of ASEAN Dialogue Partners in providing assistance to the ASEAN Member States in solving this menace;
REAFFIRMING our commitment to realising an ASEAN Community by 2015, in accordance with the ASEAN Political-Security Community Blueprint, to be free from the threat of illicit drug abuse, use and trafficking;
DO HEREBY declare to:
- Intensify concerted efforts to realize the vision and goal of a drug-free ASEAN Community by 2015 as a high-priority agenda of ASEAN by tasking relevant Ministers to speed up the implementation of the ASEAN Work Plan on Combating Illicit Drug Production, Trafficking, and Use 2009-2015 and the Roadmap for an ASEAN Community (2009-2015) on drug-free ASEAN by 2015.
- Task relevant Ministers of the ASEAN Sectoral Bodies through the ASEAN Coordinating Council (ACC) to make annual reports to the ASEAN Leaders on the progress of the implementation of the ASEAN Political-Security Community Blueprint in the area of drug-free ASEAN.
- Deepen our cooperation and coordination measures through the sharing of information and best practices in order to enhance more effective enforcement of illicit drug control in the region.
- Further enhance cooperation and coordination in a comprehensive manner with ASEAN’s Dialogue Partners and external parties to eradicate illicit drug production, processing, trafficking and use in the ASEAN region by 2015.
Adopted in Phnom Penh, Kingdom of Cambodia, this Fourth Day of April in the Year Two Thousand and Twelve.
WE, the Heads of State/Government of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), namely, Brunei Darussalam, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Union of the Republic of Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the Republic of Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, on the occasion of the 20th ASEAN Summit in Phnom Penh;
EMPHASISING the importance of the ASEAN Charter in establishing ASEAN as a rules-based organization;
NOTING with satisfaction the progress of the implementation of the Roadmap for an ASEAN Community (2009-2015) towards the realization of the ASEAN Community by 2015;
WELCOMING the 45th Anniversary of the establishment of ASEAN in 2012 and significant achievements of ASEAN in promoting peace and security, economic growth and integration, and social development;
EMPHASISING that building the ASEAN Community and narrowing the development gaps shall remain high on the agenda of ASEAN to ensure the benefits of ASEAN integration are fully realized by its peoples;
REAFFIRMING the need for effective and timely realisation of integration and community building targets as well as the fulfilment of the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) and other sub-regional frameworks;
COGNIZANT that the rapidly changing globalised world continues to present both opportunities and challenges to which ASEAN must proactively utilise and respond, bearing in mind its integration agenda’s priorities and available resources;
REAFFIRMING also our resolution that ASEAN shall continue to maintain its centrality and role as the driving force in enhancing and ensuring significant progress in achieving the ASEAN Community, and that the regional architecture and regional environment remain conducive to development as well as in strengthening ASEAN’s role in the global community;
ENCOURAGED by the progress made so far towards the realisation of the ASEAN Community by 2015 and mindful of the need to redouble efforts to achieve this goal.
- ASEAN shall continue to further intensify all efforts in implementing the priority areas under the APSC Blueprint. ASEAN shall give emphasis to the implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC), including the eventual conclusion of Code of Conduct (COC)in the South China Sea, the conclusion of the Protocol to the Treaty on SEANWFZ, the official launching of ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation (AIPR), and the conclusion of ASEAN Human Rights Declaration.
- ASEAN shall realize the ASEAN Economic Community in 2015 by transforming ASEAN into a single market and production base, highly competitive region with equitable economic development and fully integrated into global economy. Hence, we need to set priority activities and concrete key measures to address the challenges and obstacles in realizing the ASEAN Economic Community. We encourage the effective implementation of the ASEAN Framework on Equitable Economic Development which will reinforce the realization of the other three pillars of AEC Blueprint. While conscious of the benefits of integrating into global economy, ASEAN will play a leading role in the process of shaping the regional economic architecture through the implementation of the ASEAN Framework for Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). In this regard, ASEAN shall work closely with its Dialogue Partners and external parties as well as various regional and international institutions such as the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the World Bank and the United Nations (UN) to carry out comprehensive studies to identify practical measures to strengthen institutional capacity, enhance coordination and address any implementation gaps which could impede the realization of an ASEAN Economic Community by 2015.
- ASEAN shall continue to focus on maintaining regional financial stability, especially in the context of the on-going global economic and financial challenges, as well as implement measures to prevent and address future crisis. In this regard, considering that the Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralisation (CMIM) is a key instrument, we encourage our ASEAN Finance Ministers to work closely with the Plus Three Partners to enhance the CMIM mechanism.
- We call for a comprehensive Mid-term Review of the IAI Work Plan II in 2012 in order to stock-take the implementation of the IAI Work Plan II and set out concrete and practical measures to expedite its objectives and chart its future direction, including enhancing the implementation of the priority projects and the CLMV Priority Action List.
- We call for the effective and timely implementation of the “Master Plan for ASEAN Connectivity” (MPAC), which was adopted in 2010. In this regard, we shall work toward accelerating the operationalization and utilization of the ASEAN Infrastructure Fund, with the support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), through the participation of ASEAN partners. Furthermore, we shall continue to encourage the participation of the private sector in the implementation of this Master Plan.
- ASEAN shall continue to enhance cooperation in the implementation of the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) Blueprint in order to realize an ASEAN Community by 2015. We task the ASEAN Labor Ministers Meeting to continue their work to implement the ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers, including to take a phased approach in the development of an ASEAN Instrument on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers in the region, starting by focusing on issues which are comfortable to all ASEAN Member States, in line with the existing national laws and/or policies, and in accordance with the Cebu Declaration.
- Disaster management has become a significant global issue, particularly in our region, as evidenced by the persistent occurrence of natural calamities in ASEAN Member States. In this regard, we consider collaboration in this area as a priority in 2012 and there is a need to work towards the full operationalisation of the AHA Centre to serve as a regional hub for information and knowledge sharing as well as ASEAN’s collective response to the disaster affected areas. There is also a need to enhance practical cooperation among ASEAN Member States and between ASEAN and Dialogue Partners and other Partners of ASEAN using the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) and its mechanisms as the main regional policy backbone and coordinating platform for disaster management in the region, including under other ASEAN initiatives.
- We recognise that food security remains a major challenge for ASEAN and the world as a whole, at a time of high commodity prices and economic uncertainty. Considering the potential of the agriculture sector in the region to secure food security, ASEAN shall focus on enhancing existing ASEAN priorities, particularly on programmes that increase agricultural productivity and production. We note that such measures can include enhancing infrastructure development and capacity both at the national and regional levels, improving credit schemes for the agriculture sector, and improving market access for the region’s agricultural-related products. In this regard, we direct our responsible Ministers to build on existing and explore new initiatives on food security including using ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve (APTERR) as a role model for food commodities in addition to rice. Furthermore, we tasked the relevant government agencies/ministries to look into the possibility of forming an agreement/arrangement on the cooperation related to the rice business cooperation to ensure food security in the region.
- We recognise the important role of women in regional development. Therefore, we call for the optimalisation of ASEAN mechanisms responsible to women issues, namely ASEAN Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC), ASEAN Committee on Women and ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Women, and other sectoral bodies related to women, to ensure the effective implementation of their planned activities.
WE, the Heads of State/Government of Brunei Darussalam, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the Republic of Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), gathered in Phnom Penh, on 3-4 April 2012, at the 20th ASEAN Summit;
BEING COGNIZANT of the importance of building an ASEAN Community by 2015 respectful of the diversity of cultures, languages, and religions of the peoples of ASEAN, through the fostering of its cultures and heritage as an engine for economic growth, a building block for social cohesion and transformation, an asset for regional pride, and a vehicle for forging closer friendship and understanding;
RECOGNIZING the significance of ASEAN’s key political documents and instruments such as, ASEAN Declaration, Bali Concord I, II and III, the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC), the Treaty on Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone (SEANWFZ); Declaration on the Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality (ZOPFAN);
ACKNOWLEDGING the significance of the ASEAN Charter and the progress in the implementation of the Roadmap for an ASEAN Community (2009-2015) comprising of three Community Blueprints, namely, the ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC), the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC), the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) Strategic Framework and IAI Work Plan II (2009-2015), toward realizing an ASEAN Community by 2015;
ACKNOWLEDGING also the progress made in narrowing the development gap under the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) Strategic Framework and the IAI Work Plan II (2009-2015);
APPRECIATING the rapid progress of the implementation of the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC) which will substantially contribute to the realization of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and beyond;
RECOGNIZING ASEAN’s deepened relations with Dialogue Partners and external parties in various areas such as political and security, economic, socio-cultural and development cooperation thus contributing to ASEAN Community building;
EXPRESSING our collective support to Cambodia as the Chair of ASEAN in 2012 for intensifying efforts aimed at building a rules-based, people-centred, people-oriented, and fully integrated ASEAN through the implementation of the ASEAN Charter, the ASEAN Community Blueprints and IAI Work Plan II (2009-2015), Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity, and further deepening cooperation and partnership with ASEAN Dialogue Partners and other external parties while maintaining ASEAN Centrality;
INSPIRED by the achievements of ASEAN in its 45 years of existence in striving towards a fully integrated, people-centred, people-oriented and rules-based organization;
ENDORSING the theme of ASEAN Chairmanship for 2012 “ASEAN: One Community, One Destiny” as the reflection of ASEAN’s collective commitment to work together closely
in the spirit of unity and solidarity to fully realize the ASEAN Community by 2015 and beyond;
DO HEREBY agree to:
- Continue to maintain a united and prosperous Southeast Asia as a region of peace, security, stability and cooperation by implementing various ASEAN initiatives and agreements.
- Actively promote friendly and peaceful inter-state relations within and beyond the region based on the principles and provisions of the ASEAN Charter, Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) as well as the Declaration of the East Asia Summit on the Principles for Mutually Beneficial Relations.
- Continue our efforts to contribute to the global nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament by preserving Southeast Asia as a Nuclear Weapon- Free Zone and free of all other weapons of mass destruction through, among others, the full implementation of the Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone (SEANWFZ), and the finalization of the accession of Nuclear Weapon States to the Protocol to the Treaty on SEANWFZ.
- Develop a coordinated ASEAN approach that would contribute to global undertakings to improve nuclear safety, in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and other relevant partners, as well as promote and uphold IAEA standards of safety and security in the development of nuclear energy for peaceful use.
- Continue to uphold the collective commitments reflected in the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) and the universally recognized principles of international law, including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and to move for the eventual realization of a regional code of conduct (COC).
- Reaffirm our commitment to enhance and expand the efforts in maritime cooperation and joint collaborative efforts in maritime related fields for common benefit, including through the framework of the ASEAN Maritime Forum (AMF) and other existing ASEAN mechanisms.
- Strengthen close coordination and cooperation among ASEAN Member States and with Dialogue Partners in addressing the non-traditional challenges faced by the region as well as the international community, through the promotion of closer and more effective collaboration and cooperation in the relevant areas of cooperation, inter alia, disaster risk reduction and management, peace-keeping operations, counter-terrorism activities, combating transnational crimes, maritime security and cooperation, trafficking in persons and other regional challenges.
- Continue to enhance effective coordination and cooperation among ASEAN Member States and between ASEAN and external parties to ensure that the region is free from all forms of threats, including terrorism and to eradicate transnational crimes.
- Promote the work of ASEAN in Human Rights, including the adoption of the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, and the contribution of AICHR to this effort.
- Strengthen people to people connectivity by encouraging greater intra-ASEAN people mobility including through the full realisation of a visa exemption regime for ASEAN nationals as well as to undertake a study on progressive visa relaxation and an ASEAN common visa for non-ASEAN nationals.
- Continue to consolidate our efforts to realize the establishment of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by 2015 through effective implementation of measures in the AEC Blueprint, which consists of four important pillars such as Single Market and Production Base; Competitive Economic Region; Equitable Economic Development; Integration into the Global Economy.
- Commit to implement AEC blueprint measures toward full economic integration under the ASEAN single market and production base, by deepening and broadening its internal economic opportunities, fostering effective cross-border facilitation to provide greater market size and bigger economies of scale, and by nurturing dynamic linkages with the global supply chain and the world economy by increasing competitiveness through both hard and soft connectivity, and by attaining regional integration through effective implementation of various ASEAN initiatives and Action Plans.
- Maintain the momentum in ensuring ASEAN’s competitiveness through trade facilitation measures, including non-tariff barriers, to realize effective free flow of goods, eliminating substantially all restrictions to trade in services and implementing existing ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangements on professional services, and removing the impediments to achieving a free and open investment regime, while understanding that domestic adjustments may be required.
- Further enhance ASEAN’s relations with both FTA and Economic Partners andDialogue Partners to deepen economic integration based on mutual interest, transparency and best practices. Recognizing the benefits of sound and sustainable economic relations, ASEAN will also engage its FTA Partners through new initiatives such as the ASEAN Framework for Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and adhering to the work plan which will broaden and deepen ASEAN’s economic relations with the global community.
- Expedite the work on the realization of the ASEAN Power Grid (APG) and the Trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline (TAGP), with particular emphasis on harmonization of regulatory frameworks and standards as well as establishing appropriate energy trading arrangements.
- Strengthen and enhance cooperation among ASEAN Member States and with external parties to ensure food security and reduce the impact of food price volatility for the most vulnerable people by increasing production and productivity, expanding cooperation in research and transfer of technology, promoting the exchange of market information and increasing investment in the agriculture sectors.
- Strengthen cooperation among ASEAN Member States and external partners to ensure energy security and reduce the excessive volatility of energy prices by promoting the implementation of ASEAN Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation (APAEC) 2011-2015 and promoting the conservation and efficient use of energy as well as the exploration of alternative and renewable sources of energy.
- Continue to reinforce all efforts to promote sustainable management of water resources to ensure the interest of all the peoples of ASEAN, including those people along the Mekong river and riparian countries.
- Support activities in promoting and developing social welfare and protection policies and programmes and the quality of life and well being of the elderly, persons with disabilities, youth, women and children living under poverty, vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, including exchanging best practices in all related fields such as accessibility to education, rehabilitation, protection and care including health care.
- Promote regional cooperation in the development of programmes for skills development of women, youth, the elderly and persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups.
- Commit to undertake, based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, various programmes for raising domestic awareness on climate change adaptation and mitigation and inculcating habits towards a low emissions society, including through enhancement of public and private incorporation of climate change in educational curricula.
- Promote education networking in various levels of educational institutions of ASEAN Member States and further enhance networking between ASEAN and its Dialogue Partners to promote ASEAN identity, culture, values and a harmonious community.
- Implement the Declaration on ASEAN Unity in Cultural Diversity: Towards Strengthening ASEAN Community in order to strengthen the ASEAN identity through better mutual awareness, solidarity and understanding among the ASEAN peoples by developing a plan of action to implement the Declaration.
- Work to ensure that the ASEAN Member States are safe from disasters through enhancing cooperation and promote the use of technology in the area of disaster management at both regional and international levels in order to achieve a disaster resilient ASEAN Community. ASEAN will continue to utilize the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre) to cope with disaster relief and humanitarian assistance.
- Work to ensure that regional economic integration helps to alleviate poverty and narrow the development gaps within and between ASEAN Member States through mutual assistance and cooperation, as set out in the ASEAN Framework for Equitable Economic Developments.
- Support efforts to narrow the development gaps between Member States in order to accelerate ASEAN integration and enable CLMV countries to be fully integrated into the ASEAN Community by 2015 and beyond.
- Continue to support the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) as well as other sub-regional growth areas, such as Greater Mekong Sub-Region Economic Cooperation (GMS), Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT), Ayeyawady-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS) Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA), Cambodia-Lao-Viet Nam (CLV) Development Triangle that would bridge the development gap within ASEAN.
- Operationalize and utilize fully the ASEAN Infrastructure Fund (AIF) to further improve physical connectivity and narrow the infrastructure development gap in ASEAN.
- Intensify our efforts to connect ASEAN through the effective and timely implementation of the MPAC to promote enhanced physical infrastructure development, effective institutional arrangements, and people empowerment. ASEAN will also continue to engage ASEAN’s Dialogue Partners, regional fora such as the ASEAN Plus Three and the East Asia Summit, the private sector and other relevant stakeholders in the implementation of the MPAC.
- Continue to work closely and constructively based on the existing and mutually agreed new initiatives and agreements within the framework of ASEAN cooperation with Dialogue Partners, including ASEAN Plus One, ASEAN Plus Three, East Asia Summit, ASEAN Regional Forum and ADMM Plus to contribute to our vision of the realization of an ASEAN Community.
- Advance ASEAN’s common interests and concerns at the global level and ensure ASEAN’s increased role to contribute to the solution of common global challenges as well as establish ASEAN as a reliable regional player in the global community of nations through the implementation of the Bali Declaration on ASEAN Community in a Global Community of Nations (Bali Concord III).
- Reaffirm our support to the ASEAN Chairs to ensure the successful achievements of ASEAN Community by 2015 and to continue our work on mutually agreed new initiatives in order to make ASEAN as One Community, One Destiny.